A note on perfect simulation for Exponential Random Graph Models

Andressa Cerqueira, Aurélien Garivier and Florencia Leonardi

In this paper, we propose a perfect simulation algorithm for the Exponential Random Graph Model, based on the Coupling from the past method of Propp and Wilson (1996). We use a Glauber dynamics to construct the Markov Chain and we prove the monotonicity of the ERGM for a subset of the parametric space. We also obtain an upper bound on the running time of the algorithm that depends on the mixing time of the Markov chain.

Modified log-Sobolev inequality for a compact PJMP with degenerate jumps

Ioannis Papageorgiou

We study the modified log-Sobolev inequality for a class of pure jump Markov processes that describe the interactions between brain neurons. In particular, we focus on a finite and compact process with degenerate jumps inspired by the model introduced by Galves and Löcherbach. As a result, we obtain concentration properties for empirical approximations of the process.

Self-sustained activity of low firing rate in balanced networks

Fernando Borges, Paulo Protachevicz, Rodrigo Pena, Ewandson Lameu, Guilherme Higa, Fernanda Matias, Alexandre Kihara, Chris Antonopoulos, Roberto de Pasquale, Antonio Roque, Kelly Iarosz, Peng Ji and Antonio Batista

Self-sustained activity in the brain is observed in the absence of external stimuli and contributes to signal propagation, neural coding, and dynamic stability. It also plays an important role in cognitive processes. In this work, by means of studying intracellular recordings from CA1 neurons in rats and results from numerical simulations, we demonstrate that self-sustained activity presents high variability of patterns, such as low neural firing rates and activity in the form of small-bursts in distinct neurons. In our numerical simulations, we consider random networks composed of coupled, adaptive exponential integrate-and-fire neurons. The neural dynamics in the random networks simulates regular spiking (excitatory) and fast spiking (inhibitory) neurons. We show that both the connection probability and network size are fundamental properties that give rise to self-sustained activity in qualitative agreement with our experimental results. Finally, we provide a more detailed description of self-sustained activity in terms of lifetime distributions, synaptic conductances, and synaptic currents.

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